Primary and Original Source Documents (OSD)

US Government Websites

Presidential Libraries & Informational Sites

  1. National Endowment for the Humanities, found at https://www.neh.gov/humanities/2015/januaryfebruary/feature/what-sets-italian-americans-other-immigrants
  2. US Citizenship & Immigration Service archives, found at https://www.uscis.gov/history-and-genealogy/genealogy/historical-record-series/alien-registration-forms-on-microfilm-1940-1944
  3. The FDR Library 75th Anniversary Special Exhibit “Images of Internment” found at https://fdr.blogs.archives.gov/2017/02/17/images-of-internment/

Federal Archives & Congressional Documents

  1. National Defense Migration Investigation (1941 to 1943, spanning the 76th to 78th Congress). Housed at the National Archives on 65 feet of Microfilm. Summary is at https://www.archives.gov/legislative/guide/house/chapter-22-select-migration-of-destitute-citizens.html. Complete & Original print version digitized at https://archive.org/details/nationaldefensem29unit/page/n5/mode/2up.
  2. HR 2442 – Wartime Violation of Italian American Civil Liberties Act (106th Congress). Congressional Bill Archive at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/BILLS-106hr2442enr/pdf/BILLS-106hr2442enr.pdf.  GovTrack: https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/106/hr2442
  3. H.R. 3914 — To apologize for the treatment of Italian Americans during World War II (116th Congress) at https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/116/hr3914

United States Department of Justice

“Report to the Congress of the United States – A Review of the Restrictions on Persons of Italian Ancestry During World War II”. Published November 2001. Available in digital & print format at the Tuna Canyon Detention Center: http://www.tunacanyon.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/A-Review-of-the-Restrictions-on-Persons-of-Italian-Ancestry-During-World-War-II-2.pdf, and the US Government Bookstore: https://bookstore.gpo.gov/products/report-congress-united-states-review-restrictions-persons-italian-ancestry-during-world-war

State Government Documents

Texas Historical Commission – Japanese, German, and Italian American Enemy Alien Internment Project.
URL: https://www.thc.texas.gov/preserve/projects-and-programs/military-history/texas-world-war-ii/japanese-german-and-italian

Civilian Newspapers

New York Times, April 27, 1942, Page 3. General Hugh A. Drum. “Text of General Drums Statement” within the NYT archives at https://nyti.ms/3aiXLBG.